emoticons and gender, internet use and women, sexism and technology On Stands Now
Are Emoticons a Woman Thing?

They’re everywhere you look: winking in text messages, slipping into corporate emails, littering Facebook news feeds. They stare up from computer screens, those frozen grins begging for approval.

They are emoticons, and research suggests their use is highly gendered. The first emoticon was the digitized smiley. It gained popularity in the 1980s after computer scientist Scott Fahlman suggested to participants on a message board at Carnegie Mellon University that they should use :( and :)  to distinguish their serious posts from those that were jokes.

Spring 2014
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Top Stories
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Adios Alison
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Alison Redford’s stint as Alberta premier lasted just two and a half years. The former human rights lawyer may have held the reins for a short period, but her tumble from the top raises difficult questions about
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Fifty Shades of Grey, Lyn Cockburn
50 Shades of Poo
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I wanted it to be a true guilty pleasure, like the time I ate a whole container of Häagen-Dazs Caramel Cone Explosion ice cream in one sitting and topped it off with a Toblerone bar (a small one, of course).

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joanna chiu
China's One Child Policy
by Joanna Chiu

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Reach for the Moon
by Evelyn C. White

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